The Web site includes a wide range of information, specific to ChicoryLane Farm but potentially useful to others interested in ecological diversity at other locations. To make this information accessible, the site is structured so that once someone understands its organization and conventions, he or she should be able to navigate and use it for a variety of purposes. This section describes that structure and provides more detailed instruction for some of its interactive function.

The site includes three large sections and types of information:

One accesses the conventional pages using the navigation panel on the left. The Map and Database are both accessed through the Database tag shown in that panel.

Conventional Web Pages

The sections we term Conventional Pages are the oldest. They are constructed using basic Web resources (i.e., HTML), and their information is largely static. That is, they include the kinds of information that one might include in some form of conventional publication - both formal and informal - such as a brochure, a journal entry, or a handout. This is in contrast to more dynamic information that takes advantage of the malleable nature of information accessed through a database or other computational components.

This information is organized under ten or so topics:

Selecting a topic from the navigation panel on the left leads to an overview page for that topic. There, you will find general information on the topic and links to additional pages for more detail. We urge you to explore these topics and links.

Specific Topics

Several of the topics listed above may benefit from further description.

Gallery includes several kinds of visual information. Many of the items are slideshows. Several controls are included with each image that the user should know how to use and which will be explained with regard to the screenshot, below.

When the link to the slideshow is selected, a process will begin to preload all the images so that the slideshow can proceed smoothly. Once it begins, images will be displayed automatically, one after another. However, the automatic display can be interrupted and the images shown manually. Note the single and double arrows on each side of the display. A click on any of the arrows interrupts the automatic display; automatic display can be resumed by selecting the Start Autodisplay link at the bottom. The single arrow on the right both interrupts the automatic sequence and moves the display to the next image in the slideshow. The double arrow moves the display to the last image in the slideshow. The single arrows on the left move the display to the previous image and to the first image in the slideshow, respectively After all images have been shown, an alert notice will announce the end of the slideshow.

The gallery also includes links to videos that will be streamed when selected. Links to panoramas will stream Google StreetView-type tours of several areas of the Farm. Clicking and dragging on an image will cause the image to rotate, potentially showing a full 360° view of the area, including up and down elevations. Each image in a tour also includes one or more arrows. Selecting an arrow will cause another image or view in the tour to be downloaded. See the screenshot, below. But to try out the function, select a panorama from the gallery.

Blog includes more general discussions of concepts, personal experiences, and reflections on our evolving understanding of what we are trying to accomplish. They are mini-essays, op-ed pieces of a sort. Topics include the following:

We would like the blog to stimulate conversation on ecological issues; so we encourage readers to attach comments or questions to individual pieces, by selecting the comments tag at the end of each piece. (Doing so also displays any prior comments.):

We also invite new posts of pieces. Unfortunately, out blog software does enable this as a public function, but anyone wishing to do so can be added as a poster by sending us a request using the Webmaster email function available from the navigation panel on the left.


Database is accessed from the left navigation panel. It includes information on the native plants and the birds that have been identified on ChicoryLane. Two types of information are included for both. Type information lists each plant or bird once and includes both common and scientific names for each as well as class (e.g., shrub, tree, vine, etc.). Observation information usually includes multiple entries for each type and includes information about a particular occurrence or observation of a plant or bird - that is occurring at a particular place on the Farm, a particular time, and other details specific to that particular observation.

Both types of information are accessed from the Search Data pull down menu at the top of the Welcome and subsequent Database Pages:

Selecting Plants, as shown above, will result in a form to control a search of the database. Selecting Plant Observations will result in a different form with fields appropriate for individual occurrences. Examples of each will be shown, below. Important to understand is that each field for which data are entered constrains a search. If no data are entered into the form and Search is selected, all of the data in the Database of that type will be retrieved and displayed. If for the Common Name the word, Canada, is entered, the system will locate all entries for which the Common Name includes that word (or part of a word).

Of course, all or part of the Botanical Name may be specified, the Plant Class, or words that might be included in a Comment. As well as any combination of these fields.

Once the Search is completed and the data displayed, the user may change the order of the listing. By selecting the label, Common Name, in the results display will sort the items into alphabetic order by those values. Similarly for Botanical Name, Plant Class, and Comment. Try it out!

Selecting Plant Observations from the top menu, results in a different form, as shown below:

Note the additional form fields into which request parameters may be included. Experience and experimentation will clarify their effects on search. Note, also, that the Botanical Names retrieved are underlined, usually indicating in a Web application that they are links to other pages or sites. In this case, selecting a particular Botanical Name results in a jump to an external reference for this plant from NatureServe, a nonprofit organization that provides scientific expertise for conservation. Below is their top-level entry for New York Ironweed:

Similar type and observation forms are available for bird data. Fields will differ slightly, appropriate for birds vs. plants. External references are also available for birds from the CornellLab of Ornithology: All About Birds.

One final point: in the search results for New York Ironweed, shown above, note the last field in the form, Search Label. It can be used to link Database results to a map or aerial view of the Farm. More on this, following.


GIS Map is a set of resources that provide information about ChicoiryLane Farm in visual form. Based on Google's maps api, these resources provide maps and aerial images of ChicoryLane as well as overlays of specific features. Aerial views include a recent satellite image; aerial views from 1938, 1957, and 1971; and a topological map. Overlays, termed Layers, include ecological areas, paths, soils, video and panorama locations, and tentative easement boundaries. Search results from the Database may also be imported into a map, showing locations for each observation and, for many, providing access to an image of the plant or bird at that spot.

GIS Map is accessed from a Database top menu, under the View Maps drop down menu, as shown in the screen image, below.

The default view in the GIS Map system is a recent satellite image. Other images may be shown by selecting one of the options shown in the top bar, such as 1938 or Soils. Layer and Search Results data are superimposed on one of these underlying images. The top menu items on the right provide access to these data and functions, and will be discussed, below.

The screen image below illustrates the kinds of data and views that are included under Layers. By selecting Layers from the top menu and drilling down, using the plus (+) sign, one can select all items under a particular layer or a subset of available items. In this example, the user has drilled down to Areas and selected two of them: Grasslands and Upper Wetlands. The selected areas are shown in outline and shaded. A marker in each is also included which, if selected, will show an photograph from the area. All items under a layer may be shown (or hidden) by selecting (or unselecting) the checkbox beside the layer name.

Multiple layers may be overlaid on one-another. In the image below, the Upper Wetland area is shown, but also the Paths for both that area and the Grassland area.

A number of different layers are provided. The user is urged to explore them singularly and in combination.

Earlier, it was noted that the Database and the GIS Map systems could be used together. For example, one may do a search for occurrences of a particular plant. The results of that search can then be saved and imported into the Map function to show their specific locations on the map.

Searching the database for plant or bird observations and then showing their locations on a map is a three-step process. First, one must of a search using one of the database's observation search forms. One can get such a form either by returning to a database tab and selecting a search from the drop-down menu, as shown above in the Ironweed example. Alternatively, one may go directly to a search from within the Map tab. To do so, select the Search from the menu bar at the top right and as shown, below. Then, drill down to either the Plant Observation or Brid Observation option and select the desired one (in this case, select the term, itself). Doing so will open an observation search form.

Second, do a conventional observation search. Third, when one has the desired results, enter a label for those particular search results. In the example below, the search was for Canada Lilies, and the user has entered Canada Lily as the label it will be known by in the Map function. End this part of the task by selecting the Save Search Results button at the bottom.

Third, following the search step, return to the Map function. Select the Results menu option at the top right and drill down to the type of observations that were searched - in this case Plant Observations. There will appear all of the results that were saved in prior search, identified by the assigned labels included in the search step - in this case, Canada Lily. Clicking on the check box will show locations for all of the observations found.

Selecting one of the observation location marks will, in turn, show an image for that particular item, as shown below. (However, not all observations have accompanying images.) If the label under Search Resultsis selected, instead of the checkbox, a slideshow will be shown that includes all images available for the particular search result.

Sometimes it is interesting to see current plant observation, whose locations are defined by latitude and longitude, superimposed over an earlier view of the farm. Below, today's Canada Lily locations are shown over a view of what the farm looked like in 1938. (Done by selecting the 1938 option in the menu bar at the top, instead of the Satellite option.) Here, one can note that many of these usually wetland plants are in locations that, in 1938, were crop or hay fields or pastures. A very different land use today from then!

August 1, 2016